The cold chain logistics market for agricultural products has broad prospects, the demand market continues to open, and the market size will maintain a growth trend in the future. With the rapid development and upgrading of cold chain technology, the application in cold chain logistics will gradually accelerate. At the same time, the continuous upgrading of the application of cold chain logistics technology will also provide a steady stream of power support for the healthy development of the agricultural product cold chain logistics industry, which will further improve food safety assurance capabilities and transaction efficiency, and effectively guarantee the quality and safety of fresh products. This article provides a detailed introduction to the global agricultural product cold chain logistics industry.
- A. Overview of cold chain logistics industry for agricultural products
- Industry definition
The cold chain logistics of agricultural products refers to keeping fresh agricultural products such as meat, poultry, aquatic products, vegetables, fruits, eggs, etc. in a suitable environment in the process of product processing, storage, transportation, distribution, and retailing after they are harvested (or slaughtered, caught) from the place of origin. Under the low temperature control environment, the special supply chain system guarantees product quality and quality safety, reduces loss and prevents pollution to the greatest extent.
- Industrial chain structure
From the perspective of the cold chain logistics supply chain process of agricultural products, the upstream is the production and planting of agricultural products, the midstream is the storage service of cold chain transportation, and the storage methods are mainly cold chain vehicle transportation, cold chain less-than-truckload transportation and normal temperature vehicle transportation, and the downstream is cold chain transportation. Terminal distribution, including fresh food stores, supermarkets, restaurants, agricultural product processing plants and farmers’ markets, etc.
- B. Analysis of the status quo of the global cold chain logistics industry
- Cold chain expenses
In the development of cold chain logistics in the world, the United States, Japan, Germany and Canada are in the leading position. Overall, the cold chain logistics in Europe is the most developed. In 2020, the cold chain expenditure in Europe will reach more than 6 billion US dollars, followed by Asia and North America. The cold chain expenditure in 2020 will be divided into 5 billion US dollars and 4 billion US dollars.
- Cold storage capacity
According to public information, the total capacity of global cold storage in 2020 is about 900 million cubic meters. The India region has the highest cold storage capacity, followed by the U.S. region and China region.
- Distribution of technology source countries
At present, China is the largest source of technology for cold chain logistics of agricultural products in the world. The number of patent applications for cold chain logistics of agricultural products in China accounts for 36% of the total number of patent applications for cold chain logistics of agricultural products in the world, followed by Japan. The number of patent applications for cold chain logistics of agricultural products in Japan It accounts for 21% of the total patent applications for cold chain logistics of agricultural products in the world. The United States ranks third, accounting for about 18%, followed by South Korea, Germany, Europe, France and the United Kingdom, accounting for about 6%, 5%, 2%, 2% and 2% respectively.
- Patent application status
According to the analysis of Vic Market Research Co., Ltd, the number of patent applications for cold chain logistics of agricultural products in China is the highest. In 2020, the number of patent applications for cold chain logistics of agricultural products in China is about 11,200 (11,170). Japan and the United States follow closely behind in the number of patent applications for cold chain logistics of agricultural products, and the number of patent applications is about the same. In 2020, the number of patent applications for cold chain logistics of agricultural products in Japan is more than 280 (286), while the number of patent applications for cold chain logistics of agricultural products in the United States is less than 850 (838).
In the future development, the goal should be to accelerate the development of cold chain logistics of agricultural products, and the cold chain infrastructure construction network system should be rationalized in layout design, fully covered, and effectively connected with each location. Applying new technology to the whole process of cold chain logistics can effectively improve the development of cold chain transportation of agricultural products in logistics. The following suggestions are put forward.
- Establish a convenient information sharing platform to facilitate understanding of logistics information.
- Comprehensive coverage of the cold chain facility network.
- Improve the technical level of cold chain logistics.
- Promote pre-cooling technology from the source.
- The administration and the market cooperate with each other to achieve win-win cooperation.
In the future, the cold chain logistics service chain will continue to grow, and at the same time, more logistics talents will emerge, and more advanced technologies will be developed and innovated, driving the development of cold chain transportation in the world. Our J-BOX series cold chain products also hope to contribute to the future cold chain logistics service.
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